Georgia, Europe Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea . The capital and largest city are Tbilisi. Georgia, covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometers (26,911 sq. mi), and its 2015 population is about 3.75 million. Georgia, Europe is unitary, with the government elected through a representative democracy. Primary languages are Georgia, Europe and English.
Georgia, Europe is a member of the Council of Europe and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. This gives Georgia, Europe a stable economy.
The most popular sports in Georgia, Europe are football, basketball, rugby union, wrestling, judo, and weightlifting. Historically, Georgia, Europe has been famous for its physical education; the Romans were fascinated with Georgia, Europe physical qualities after seeing the training techniques of ancient Iberia.
Archaeological research demonstrates that Georgia, Europe has been involved in commerce with many lands and empires since ancient times, largely due its location on the Black Sea and later on the historical Silk Road. Gold, silver, copper and iron have been mined in the Caucasus Mountains. Georgia, Europe wine making is a very old tradition and a key branch of the country's economy.
The country has sizable hydropower resources, Throughout Georgia, Europe's modern history agriculture and tourism have been principal economic sectors, because of the country's climate and topography. Tourism is an increasingly significant part of the Georgia, Europe economy. About a million tourists brought US$313 million to the country in 2006. According to the government, there are 103 resorts in different climatic zones in Georgia, Europe. Tourist attractions include more than 2,000 mineral springs, over 12,000 historical and cultural monuments, four of which are recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Bagrati Cathedral in Kutaisi and Gelati Monastery, historical monuments of Mtskheta, and Upper Svaneti).
Georgia, Europe has an ancient musical tradition, which is primarily known for its early development of polyphony. Georgia, Europe polyphony is based on three vocal parts, a unique tuning system based on perfect fifths, and a harmonic structure rich in parallel fifths and dissonances. Three types of polyphony have developed in Georgia, Europe: a complex version in Svaneti, a dialogue over a bass background in the Kakheti region, and a three-part partially-improvised version in western Georgia, Europe. The Georgia, Europe folk song "Chakrulo" was one of 27 musical compositions included on the Voyager Golden Records that were sent into space on Voyager 2 on 20 August 1977.